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Introduction

 

Groups by Obverse

 

Obverse dies

Reverse dies

Shilling
1816-1820

Groups by Reverse

Group A

Group B

Group C

Group D

Group E

Group F

Group G

Group H

Group I

Group J

Group K

Group L

Group M

 

Groups

A fairly easy way of organising the counterfeit shillings is separating them into groups by looking at the reverse design.

The design is made up of a number of individual punches and some hand engraving.

 

The groups are likely to represent individual die cutters although some may have used different sets of punches over time.

Die links between the groups indicates either that some workshops used dies from more than one engraver or that dies from one engraver were used by more than one workshop.

Punches used for the NW-part of shield garnish

 

 

Group A

1816-1820

 

Q made from two punches

O and ~

1816

Only die A613r

 

 

 

 

Group B

 

 

 

1816-20

 

1816-18

1818-20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group C

 

 

 

 

1816-20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group D

 

 

 

 

1816

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group E

 

 

 

 

1816

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group F

 

 

 

 

1816-20

 

1816

 

 

 

 

 

1817

1816+1818-20

 

 

 

 

Group G

 

 

 

1817-18

 

1817-18

1818

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group H

 

 

 

1817

 

 

 

 

 

Group I

 

 

 

 

1818/20

1819

 

 

 

 

 

 

1818+20

1819

 

 

 

 

Group J

 

 

 

 

 

 

1817-20

 

 

 

1817+1820

1818-19 (20)

1819-20 (Normal variation)

1819

1818

1817+1819

1817-20 (Normal variation)

1820

 

 

 

 

Group K

 

 

 

 

1818

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group L

 

 

 

 

1820

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group M