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Introduction

 

Obverse dies

Reverse dies

Shilling
1816-1820

Groups by obverse

Group A

Group B

Group C

Group D

Group E

Group F

Group G

Group H

Group I

Group J

Group K

Group L

Group M

 

Separating the shillings by obverse alone proves to be a difficult task. Obverses using punched busts are fairly easy for high quality coins. However Groups as B and J are almost identical (probably by same engraver).

Group E, H and perhaps K seems to be entirely isolated operations whereas the other groups all are more or less connected by die links. At this point the general picture is rather unclear demanding a more throughout study.


Group A

 

Many details like hair curls and ribbons seems hand engraved other details as the bow-knot punched
1816-1820

1816: A601o, A602o, A603o, A604o, A606o, A608o

1817: A701o, A702o, A703o, A704o, A705o

1819: A901o, A902o

1820: A001o

1816: A605o, A607o

 

 

1816: A601o, A602o, A603o, A604o, A605o, A606o, A607o, A608o,

1817: A704o

1817: A701o?, A702o, A703o, A705o

1819: A901o, A902o

1820: A001o

 

 

1 sharply pointed

1816: A607o

1816: A601o?, A602o, A603o, A604o, A605o, A606o, A608o

Pointed 1

1817: A704o, A705o

Flattop 1 broad 7

1817: A701o, A702o, A703o

 

 

 

1819: A901o, A902o

1820: A001o

 


Group B

 

Complete bust punch except for bow-knot and ribbons hair being hand engraved.

1816-1820

Bust variation

 

 

 

1816

1817: B701o

Rounded G

1816-1820

1820: B001o, B002o

1817: B703o, B704o, B705o

1818

1819

1820


Group C

 

Mix of hand engraving and punches. Sharply cut neck.

1816: C601o, C602o



Mix of hand engraving and punches. Crude messy hair curls.

1818: C803o

1819: C901o, C902o

Partly complete bust punch most details seems hand engraved. Crude messy hair curls.

1818: C801o, C802o

1819: C903o, C904o, C905o, C906o, C907o

 

 

1816: C601o, C602o

1817:

1818: C801o, C802o

1818: C803o

1819: C902o

 

1817: C701o

1819: C901o, C903o, C904o

 

1816: C601o, C602o

1817: C701o

1818: C802o

1818: C801o

1818: C803o

1819: C901o

 

1819: C902o

1819: C905o

1819: C903o, C904o, C906o, C907o

 

1816

1817

1818: C801o, C802o

1818: C803o

 

 

1819: C903o, C904o, C905o, C906o, C907o

1819: C901o

 

 


Group D

Crude hand engraved bust.

1816

 

 

 


Group E

Extremely crude hand engraved bust.

1816

 

 

 


Group F

Complete bust punch with tie-knot and ribbons, hair curls engraved changed round 1818/19

1816-1818

Large coarsely engraved bust

1820

 

1816

1817-1820

 

1816

1817

1818

 

1820

1816

1817

1818

1820


Group G

 

Bust apperars mosre hand engraved than the other busts in the group

1818: G801o

Bust appears as a single punch

1818: G802o, G803o

Bust appears as a single punch

1818: G804o

 

1818: G801o, G802o, G803o

 

1818: G804o

1818: G801o, G802o, G803o

 

1818: G804o

 

 

 

1818

 

 

 


Group H

Crudely engraved bust

1817

 

 

 


Group I

So far the obverses found with group I reverse are of group A, C and J

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Group J

 

 

1st bust

Punched completely hair curls engraved

Middle leaf in 1st section of laurel wreath slightly to the right pointing to the leaf above the ear. Ribbons closely together.

1817-1820

2nd bust slightly different

Middle leaf in 1st section of laurel wreath to centre leaf of next section.

Ribbons slightly spaced.

Flat bottomed knot.

1819: J920o

1820: J020o - J027o

 

 

1818: J801o

1819: J903o, J906o, J908o, J912o

1820: J002o?, J004o?, J012o, J023o

1817: J701o

1819: J905o, J911o

1819: J901o, J902o, J907o, J909o, J910o, J913o

1820: J013o, J015o, J016o, J017o, J020o, J021o, J022o, J024o, J025o, J026o, J027o

1820: J010o, J011o, J014o

1818: J801o

1819: J904o, J908o

 

1819: J905o, J907o

1819: J912o

 

Large G

1819: J901o, J909o

1820: J010o, J011o?, J012o, J014o

1817: J701o

1819: J911o

Small round G E wit large serifs

1819: J902o, J903o, J906o?, J910o, J913o

1820: J013o, J015o, J016o, J017o, J021o, J022o, J023o, J024o, J025o, J026o, J027o

1820: J020o

1820: J004o

1817: J701o

 

Broad 8 figures 1 with flattop serif

1818: J801o

1819: J904o

1819: J908o

1819: J905o

1819: J901o, J902o, J903o, J906o?, J907o?, J909o?, J910o, J911o, J912o, J913o?

1820: J010o, J011o?, J012o, J013o, J014o, J016o, J017o, J020o, J021o, J022o, J023o, J024o, J025o, J026o, J027o

1820: J002o

 

 

1820: J003o, J018o

1820: J004o

 

 


Group K

1818: K801o

 

 

 


Group L

So far the obverses found with group L reverse are of group J

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group M